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submitted 2 hours ago by julianh@lemm.ee to c/linux@lemmy.ml

WebCord is an "alternative client" for Discord, although it's just running the Discord webpage in electron. Recently it updated its electron version so it supports sharing audio as well as video.

I tried it out today on mint (x11, pulseaudio) and it works flawlessly.

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submitted 6 hours ago* (last edited 5 hours ago) by Pantherina@feddit.de to c/linux@lemmy.ml

The BlueBuild project creates accessible tools for you to create, configure & build custom images of atomic Fedora distributions.

A custom image in this context is a customized version of an image-based Linux distribution that can be switched to by the user of such a distribution without reinstalling. So about making your own distro, maybe, but not really. When making custom images, you’re building on top of an existing distribution. You’re most likely using its package manager and repositories and just adding your own flair with package set changes and configuration files. It’s more like a more reliable version of maintaining/sharing your dotfiles, but from the perspective of the operating system.

Someone might get turned off from so-called ‘immutable’ Linux distributions due to fears of the taking away them ability to tinker and change the system as you please. The term comes from the usage of immutable root filesystems in these distributions, but in reality most ‘immutable’ Linux distributions are still pretty change-able. So while BlueBuild is a tool that helps you tinker with these sorts of distributions, it’s not giving you back some freedom that was taken away.

Here’s some terms that can be used to better describe these sorts of distributions:

Atomic: instead of new and updated packages being swapped on the running system live, they’re queued up to be used after the next boot.

Image-based: instead of each computer updating each of its system packages individually, the system updates are bundled (usually daily) as images that are pulled onto the user computers and queued up to be used after the next boot.

What’s up with the logo? It’s our mascot, a blue-billed duck with a wrench! A good pun, and cute too! The writer of this FAQ is definitely not at all biased!

The logo (along with all the other BlueBuild branding) was designed by @xynydev and is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0.

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submitted 5 hours ago by Churbleyimyam@lemm.ee to c/linux@lemmy.ml

Does anyone know of a way to distribute donations to multiple open source projects at once? I would like to donate more frequently and broadly but because of the large number of different projects it would be laborious and inefficient to donate small fractions of what I can afford to each of them manually. What would be helpful is a distributor to whom I can say "These are all the people I want want to donate to and here is some money. Please distribute it to them on my behalf."

Does anything like this already exist?

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submitted 8 hours ago by petsoi@discuss.tchncs.de to c/linux@lemmy.ml
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submitted 10 hours ago by isti115@lemmy.world to c/linux@lemmy.ml

There are plenty of utilities (GUI, such as filelight and TUI, such as dua as well) for analyzing disk usage by space, but I would like to view my folders based on the count of files, as I'm making backups, and folders with lots of small files (e.g. node_modules) take very long to move around, so I guess that I'd be better of compressing those into a single file before archiving, as it's already highly unlikely that I'll need to access them anyway. Thanks for any pointers in advance!

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submitted 12 hours ago* (last edited 12 hours ago) by dysprosium@lemmy.dbzer0.com to c/linux@lemmy.ml

what should be the first line of defense? Timeshift?

This happened after I installed AUR package masterpdfeditor and 2 applications from github (some hashing algorithm programs, in the realm of quantum-proof cryptography (Lattice-based, e.g.) I cannot find the exact github pages anymore... But they looked trustworthy. (One of them was provided by NIST.)

If using GUI: I login, black screen for few seconds, then back at login screen.

If going to ctrl+alt+f2, login successful, then startx, see picture provided (higher quality).

I tried adding a new user, but result is the same.

I have a live usb to do the Timeshift. (I can also chroot if necessary... But I'm not extremely professional)

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submitted 18 hours ago* (last edited 18 hours ago) by GravitySpoiled@lemmy.ml to c/linux@lemmy.ml

I want to donate to a linux phone. I believe in linux and I want a linux phone. Maybe we can use one in very few years as a normal daily driver. It's getting closer and closer every month.

I want to donate that we get there sooner. But which project? I'm following postmarket but I'm not sure if they are the most promising. What's your stance on this? To which project would you give your money to accellerate it?

Edit: I don't want to buy a phone. I want to support the phone os devs. Sorry for the bad wording.

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submitted 19 hours ago by Fryboyter@discuss.tchncs.de to c/linux@lemmy.ml
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submitted 17 hours ago by olafurp@lemmy.world to c/linux@lemmy.ml

I'm looking for a specific distro to handle some tasks.

I got a second hand rig with Nvidia GTX 1050 that I want to use as a home server. I wanted to use HoloISO but it doesn't support nvidia. If someone says "do it anyway, it's fine" I'll install it though.

The idea is to support a Jellyfin server and Steam Link gaming but steam is not big on Nvidia so it's hard to narrow down "black screen" issues etc. I'm also planning to manage it via VNC and SSH.

I'm familiar with Ubuntu based systems since I develop software on Ubuntu based KDE distro but never had a graphics card.

So it boils down to:

  • Ease of setup including nvidia drivers
  • Ease of update via command line (I'm not going to download nvidia drivers from their website to update proprietary drivers)
  • Graphics performance
  • Prefer Ubuntu based

I'm up for Gnome, Xface, Cinnamon, KDE or whatever DE.

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submitted 23 hours ago by danielfgom@lemmy.world to c/linux@lemmy.ml

A Bitcoin investor was recently scammed out of 9 Bitcoin (worth around $490K) in a fake “Exodus wallet” desktop application for Linux, published in the Canonical Snap Store. This isn’t the first time; if nothing changes, it likely won’t be the last.

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submitted 15 hours ago by Ziggurat@sh.itjust.works to c/linux@lemmy.ml

Hi All,

Over the previous 20 years I've used at home mostly Mandriva, then kUbuntu and just installed a Manjaro. So I am not "new to Linux" but still new to Manjaro/arch. Has anyone a good "primer" for people migrating ?

A few questions I have

  • How does pacman work compared to apt-get ? and how to find in which package an command lies. I struggled a bit to get lsinput (to configure a rudder pedal for flight sim)

  • I am struggling a bit with Zsh, like I ended up starting bash to configure an environment variable, any ressources on-it. Or shall I simply change my setting (and how) to use bash that I know a bit. It's a home/Gaming PC so I don't plan to use the console that much but as anyone who has been using linux based OS for a while, I find-it more conveinient

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submitted 1 day ago* (last edited 18 hours ago) by shadowintheday2@lemmy.world to c/linux@lemmy.ml

Through amdgpu_top several modes are available, with 1440x3440@159.96 being the preferred

however after turning on/off the display, it reverts to 144hz

how can I make 160hz the default ? kde settings shows "A new output has been added. Settings have been reloaded" when this happens; and the previous 160hz is saved "for any display arrangement"

radeon vega cezanne wayland kde

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submitted 21 hours ago by Comradesexual@lemmygrad.ml to c/linux@lemmy.ml

I cannot find an icon pack I'd fully like. I used to use Deepin's and even Breeze, but I want something fresh.

My personal wants/needs are:

  • doesn't overwrite the tux Linux icon (I use it for app menu)
  • has a Firefox and Steam icons
  • the Firefox and Steam icons look good
  • doesn't have broken system app icons
  • preferably with the OBS icon not being broken
  • doesn't use Mac/Windows specific logo, e.g. for the settings

I'm currently trying out Papirus, but I'm not fully sold on it.

Yours of course doesn't have to do anything with my preferences.

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I have used obsidian and excallidraw for my note taking, especially excallidraw for math where I draw with my tablet. But since I started using emacs for programing I would like to move to org roam for school notes. However, I have not found a good alternative program for obsidians excallidraw plugin (I find gimp a bit to big for my purposes).

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submitted 1 day ago* (last edited 1 day ago) by MaliciousKebab@sh.itjust.works to c/linux@lemmy.ml

I saw the other day about the new video of Hardware Unboxed where they benchmarked the Intel GPUs with newer drivers on Windows. I'm also interested in buying one but I'd like to know how good they are on Linux. Since the GPUs will be using Vulkan renderer on Linux, I was hoping they would be better overall, or rather have a decent performance. What is your general experience with them? Also, do they work well with Wayland? Thanks for any and all inputs.

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submitted 1 day ago by tet@lemm.ee to c/linux@lemmy.ml

Which one(s) and why?

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submitted 1 day ago* (last edited 1 day ago) by iggames@lemmy.world to c/linux@lemmy.ml

I like using emacs-style navigation in the terminal (e.g. Ctrl + N for down, Ctrl +P for up, Ctrl + A for home, Ctrl + E for end), and I want to do something similar for navigation elsewhere. I would like to use CapsLock + N/P/A/E/etc for down/up/home/end in all apps (I previously used the AutoHotkey script at https://github.com/usuyama/emacs-like-key-bindings-windows to accomplish this in Windows).

I'm currently using KDE Plasma on Wayland, and I haven't seen anything obvious to do this while poking around settings. Any suggestions? Thank you in advance!

EDIT: I was able to do what I want with evremap. The crux of the config is:

[[dual_role]]
input = "KEY_CAPSLOCK"
hold = ["KEY_F19"]
tap = ["KEY_ESC"]

[[remap]]
input = ["KEY_F19", "KEY_N"]
output = ["KEY_DOWN"]

[[remap]]
input = ["KEY_F19", "KEY_P"]
output = ["KEY_UP"]

See my reply below for more info.

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submitted 1 day ago by phx@lemmy.ca to c/linux@lemmy.ml

(sorry in advance for the long post)

What I'm looking for:

Basically, without a lot of work to setup and maintain a Domain/Kerberos server, what's the best way to provide consistent logins and remote folder/share (from a server) access across various Linux desktops


I've configured domain controllers using Samba. I've also configured Linux systems as domain-joined hosts. Between the two I tend to find that keeping talking - especially for systems that are only on infrequently - can be a bit troublesome. Updates sometimes break the Samba server, tokens expire, etc etc

I've also used NFS of various versions, but found v4 with the Kerberos implementation a bit finicky (for similar reasons to the SMB based implementation). NFSv3 of course is fairly fast and efficient, but lacks the user-level authentication and relies on IP's for access-control.


Now it's been awhile since I've given a shot at this except for some NFS shares between VMs and SSHFS for desktops, it would be nice to have a consistent but easily maintainable way to provided common shares for larger files (videos, albums, 3d models, and projects etc) without having to constantly troubleshoot. Maybe the domain/NFS route had gotten easier but it still seems to be fairly manual at times.

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submitted 1 day ago by ylai@lemmy.ml to c/linux@lemmy.ml
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submitted 1 day ago* (last edited 1 day ago) by Guenther_Amanita@feddit.de to c/linux@lemmy.ml

Hey all! Yesterday, I've made following post: How to choose your first distro - A guide for beginners (flowchart + text post) and need some input and critique from you.

One thing I got asked a hell lot is why I didn't recommend Debian (and by some extend, Ubuntu) all that much.
While I included Debian in the list too, I had my reasons to recommend Mint, Zorin, and some other Debian-/ Ubuntu based distros above the OG Debian.

Ubuntu

My decision to exclude Ubuntu didn't meet that much of a big resistance, probably because said decision wasn't as controverse.

Reasons, copied from the post:

It used to be good and paved the way of today’s Linux desktop world, but nowadays, the Corporation behind it, Canonical, decided to shit on its user base.

  • Once, they decided to make advertisements for Amazon a few years ago, which they’ve reverted
  • They now make ads in the terminal for “Ubuntu Pro”
  • And, mostly, they force their own and highly controversial package format (Snaps) onto users. You almost can’t get around them, even if you actively decide for it. While Snaps became better in the last years, they still bring a lot of trouble. Just, for example, think of Valve when they officially recommended everyone to not use the fricking Snap package because it’s broken all the time? Good luck doing that with Ubuntu, when they shove Snaps down everyones’ throat, without even notifying the user. While we more experienced users just change the package format, newcomers aren’t aware of that and blame a malfunctioning app to Linux, not the Snap.

I just don’t see any reasons to recommend Ubuntu over something like Mint or even Debian. Both are pretty much the same (same command compatibility with apt, documentation also applies to them, etc.), but just better in any aspect.

Also,

Fedora is often considered “the new Ubuntu” [...]

if you want something similar in terms of release schedule and more, but more sane.

Debian

For Debian, I think I might edit the post and include it more prominent too.

With the newest release, it got some very well thought out defaults, like Flatpak support, a more polished DE (Gnome, KDE, etc.) experience and more. It used to be a "server only"-distro in my eyes, but now, it is actually viable for desktop use, if you like stability (in terms of staleness/ changes).

My reasons to not include it originally were following:

  • ~~The installer sucks:~~ It looks outdated/ ugly, and has bad/ unintuitive defaults, making the installation process way more complicated than it needs to be -> I gladly got corrected, and I think I'm just too dumb for that one. It seems to be more straight forward than I had it in my mind.
  • Too lean: For more experienced users, who already know what they want, the relatively minimalist base without any "bloat" (office software, etc.) is great, but I think including said stuff in beginner distros (e.g. by a checklist post-install, or just straight ootb) is a good thing.
  • Missing first steps: Zorin or Mint have a welcome wizard that guides new users through the OS, showing them how to install new apps, change settings, and more. TuxedoOS for example was specifically designed by a hardware company that wants every user, who never installed Linux themself, get a good first impression and being capable to use the laptop out-of-the-box. Debian misses that imo.
  • Flatpaks not being the default app installation method, resulting in very old software.
  • Too old OS in general: I think most DEs in particular have already found their direction, and won't change radically in the future (e.g. Gnome 2 to Gnome 3), they only get polished and improved. By using 3 year old DE variants, you'll miss a hell lot of performance and usability improvements in my opinion, and something like Fedora is better suited for desktop use, as it's still reliable, but more modern.
  • Does everything too well: Debian has every DE and a hell lot of good arguments to use. When I put "use Debian" on every arrow, it gets recommended proportionally too often, and overshadows something like Mint.
  • Stability is NOT reliability!: While Debian is one of the most stable distros out there, in terms of release cycle, it isn't more reliable because of that. If you mess up your system, there are no recommended-by-default safety measures, like there are on Mint (Timeshift backup) or Suse (Snapper rollback). For me, it is in some regards very comparable to Arch, just that's frozen in time for 3 years.

Now, I would like to hear your opinion and reasons why I might be wrong.
Do you think Debian should be put more into focus, and if yes, why?
How has your experience been, especially if you started using Linux just recently?

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submitted 2 days ago* (last edited 1 day ago) by linuxPIPEpower@discuss.tchncs.de to c/linux@lemmy.ml

I accidentally removed a xubuntu live usb from the computer while it was running but it seems to be working just fine. I can even launch applications that werent already open.

Is that expected? I have always thought you need to be careful to avoid bumping the usb drive or otherwise disturbing it.

Where is everything being stored? In RAM? Is the whole contents of the usb copied into RAM or just some parts?

Edit: tried it with manjaro and it fell apart. All kinds of never before seen errors. Replacing the usb didnt fix it. Couldnt even shut down the machine, had to hard power off.

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The context I came upon this question is dbus filedescriptor passing but the question is valid more broadly. Assume you are implementing some service that is supposed to receive some kind of filedescriptor for client processes. You get a message that is in some kind or another malformed but you have already received the filedescriptor.

What do you do with that fd? Is close()ing it guaranteed to be enough?

The question was sparked by a safety comment on rusts abstraction of a OwnedFd, which will run close() in its destructor and binds you by contract to only create it from a filedescriptor if close is all that is needed for cleanup.

This of course made me worry about the possibility of malicious clients sending special filedescriptors that accumulate some kind of ressource on the server process causing some kind of DOS.

I guess a secondary question is: Do you know any example where calling close() is not enough?

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submitted 2 days ago by const_void@lemmy.ml to c/linux@lemmy.ml
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submitted 2 days ago* (last edited 2 days ago) by Guenther_Amanita@feddit.de to c/linux@lemmy.ml

So, you're new to Linux? Welcome to our community!

You probably ask yourself

"Where should I start?"

and feel a bit overwhelmed right now.

In this guide, I will show you how to choose your first Linux distro.

This is part of my "New to Linux?"-series, where I will guide you through your first weeks.


TL;DR: If you don't care about this at all, just go for Linux Mint.


As you've probably already heard, "Linux" isn't just an operating system by itself, it's just the engine of it.
You need stuff built around that to get a working desktop. That "stuff" is packaged and distributed, hence the name "distro" (distribution).
Everyone can package this stuff themselfes and make their own operating system.
There are literally hundreds or thousands of different Linux-based OSs out there, and as a newcomer, this choice can be very overwhelming.

This is why you've already came here and asked for advice.
Don't worry, we've all been there!

You can find the "right" one for you if you follow the flow chart.
The flow chart is complementary to the text here. The diagram is for the choice, while the text is more for general information about each distro.

Every distro of the following recommended ones meets all of these criteria:

  • Easy to understand and intuitive to use
  • You don't have to use the command line
  • Works reliable
  • Supports Nvidia-GPUs

Choosing the DE

Before you choose your distro, you should choose your prefered desktop environment (DE).
The DE is what defines the user interface and some core apps, so, basically, what you interact with.
Don't mainly choose the distro because of its' DE, you can change that later too if you really want.

The two main DEs (Gnome and KDE) are listed in the flow chart.

KDE

  • is very modular and configurable, you can turn it into whatever you want.
  • has pretty much everything you can imagine already built in

Gnome

  • Is more opinionated, but if you don't like its' unique workflow, you can turn it into a "classic" desktop with minimize/ maximize buttons, task bar, and more, too.
  • You can use the Extension manager/ Gnome Tweaks for doing that or getting other functionalities like smartphone integration for example.

If you like certain aspects of one, but others from the "competitor", you can more or less turn one into the other. You have maximum freedom!

#Differences between distros

**Choose your distro based on the following key points: **

  • Release schedule: Some get new features very often, some only once a few years. We refer this as stagnation as "stability" (not to conflict with reliability!)
  • Philosophy: What are key values of the distro? (e.g. just providing a well functioning set of software, no matter if it's proprietary; conservative vs. innovative; etc.)
  • Base: Many distros are based on other ones. A very common base is Debian or Ubuntu, where many newcomer-guides are based on. It mainly determines what package manager you use in the command line. I personally think that's not as important, since you will use the Software Center anyway most of the time to download apps and updates.
  • All other things, like big community, good track record, hardware support, etc., were already taken care of by me.


So, here's the list of every distro shown in the flow chart, with a short description on why it is included.

Linux Mint

It's THE recommendation for every newcomer, no matter where you look. Not without reason:

  • Very sane defaults
  • Works, just out-of-the-box
  • Not too many, but just the right amount of pre-installed apps to get in touch with the Linux app ecosystem
  • Simple, yet highly functional
  • Hides all "advanced" features in a reasonable way
  • Huge userbase, especially for beginners. More experienced users still use Mint, and are always there to help newcomers.
  • Doesn't change much, only gets more polished. New features arrive occasionally, but they usually don't change your workflow radically.
  • Feels very familiar when you came from Windows, which most people do.

Website: https://www.linuxmint.com/

ZorinOS

It is the main "competitor" of Mint right now.
The big difference between Mint and it is how the desktop looks. While Mint is more old-fashioned in how it looks, Zorin wants to be an eye pleaser by looking more modern. With it, you can choose between different "styles", that mimic the looks of Windows 7, Windows 11, MacOS, and more, depending on what you feel the most comfortable with.
It has a slow release schedule of ~3 years, with some minor polishes in between, which is great if you don't like change.

Don't worry about the "Pro" and "Light" versions. This is not like a freeware app with ads and stuff.

  • "Pro" refers to the paid version, that only differs in some extra styles you can choose from. With the payment you get some extra tech assistance and support the developers.
  • "Light" is a lightweight version, that is made for old devices to give them a second life and make them perform better than before, while still looking good.

Website: https://zorin.com/os/

VanillaOS

This one is also very promising. It has the same philosophy as Mint, but implements it differently.
It works a bit different under the hood and ensures an always working system you can't brick. If you still fucked up something, or got a bad update somehow, you can just roll back in seconds.
It also updates itself in the background and applies the updates without the user noticing on the next reboot, without any waiting time (unlike the forced Windows updates).

If you become more advanced and experienced over time, you can turn to the terminal and have access to literally any app that was ever made for Linux. Especially if you start using Linux as developer, this is very handy.
Even if you aren't a developer, no, even if you aren't techy at all, VanillaOS is a very good choice if you prefer the simplicity and ease of use of Mint, but want something more modern!

Website: https://vanillaos.org/

[Disclaimer: The new release, VanillaOS 2 Orchid, is currently under very high developement and still in beta. Consider waiting until the new version is officially released for a garanteed smooth experience.]

Fedora

This one is not exactly (but comparably) as beginner oriented as the above are, but still, a very good choice for new users. Fedora is often considered "the new Ubuntu", and is one of the most used distros out there with a gigantic community.
It is community-owned, but supported by the money and development power of the biggest player in the commercial Linux world.

Features:

  • Comes with any major DE you want + huge software availability
  • Balanced desktop release schedule of 6 months. This ensures both a modern and reliable desktop system
  • Everything is pretty vanilla (no theming, etc.) and has very sane defaults
  • No big collection of pre-installed software (e.g. Office), bit it is installable with one click in the software center.
  • Future-oriented: as soon as a new promising technology is reliable enough, it will adopt it.

Website:
https://fedoraproject.org/
https://fedoraproject.org/workstation/
https://fedoraproject.org/spins/kde/

Fedora Atomic

Fedora Atomic is a variant of Fedora that works different under the hood, while behaving the same on the surface as the regular Fedora does. I don't want to get too technical here, but the pros are the same as the ones from VanillaOS (unbrickable, better security, no half applied updates, etc.).

I'm not sure if I would recommend it over the normal Fedora right now, as due to the other inner workings, you might have the chance to encounter issues when trying to get things working, e.g. an install script you found online.
If you are leaning bit more towards a tech-savy-person and have no problem searching a small thing here and there (only when you need non-ordinary stuff), then definitely check it out. Especially if you already came from another distro and feel dissatisfied.

BUT, keep following in mind:

  • If you are just a casual user, you don't need the terminal for this distro. If you want to really make full use of it tho, you might have to use it from time to time.
  • On the surface, it looks and behaves exactly like the normal Fedora.
  • Compatibility is not fully given, due to the double edged nature of the said new technology.
  • Those potential issues or cons sound more dramatic than they are. If you are a normal user, you won't encounter these. Even I never had any compatibility-issues and always got everything working.

One of the coolest things about it, apart from the pros mentioned above, are:

  • Most "hidden" parts of the OS are irrelevant now to you if you want to change something -> simpler structure
  • You can "swap out" the OS with something different any time you want, while also keeping your data (pictures, games, etc.). If you want to switch your DE for example later on, you can do that very easily by just changing the selected spin. This even works in the extend of rebasing to almost another distro!

uBlue

If you are interested now, then check out UniversalBlue instead of the "official" Silverblue or Kinoite. uBlue offers:

  • Many different variants of this distro, but with some quality-of-life changes included.
  • Custom builds for special hardware, e.g. Microsoft Surface devices, ASUS ROG, etc., which come working OOTB, are very reliable and don't require tinkering.
  • And also special variants for different tastes and use cases, e.g. a security-enhanced variant, as well as

Bazzite

which is one of the biggest and "best" example in how awesome uBlue can be. It's derived from it and is a gaming-focused distro. With it, you get many optimization tweaks and tools for gaming included out of the box, like some performance enhancements for example.

You don't need a gaming distro to play games at all, but if that's what you mostly do with your PC, then maybe consider that.

Links:
https://fedoraproject.org/atomic-desktops/silverblue/
https://universal-blue.org/installation/
https://bazzite.gg

Arch and NixOS

Those two are in the "pain" category. I would never recommend them to anyone starting with Linux, for example because they're fed up with Windows.
Both Arch and NixOS are known to be "for experts only", meaning, they're

  • high demanding
  • hard to set up and use
  • requiring the user to be skilled and to know what he's doing
  • don't hold the users' hand
  • and don't tolerate user error well.

Why did I still decide to include them in my noob-recommended list anyway? Well, because not everyone wants to start Linux expecting an easy road. There are some people who want to tinker and challenge themselfes, and some birds learn flying the best when kicked out of the nest.

Don't get me wrong! Both Arch and NixOS are fantastic choices and very powerful. They can be fun to use and very rewarding.

What makes them great?

  • Minimalism: they come with basically nothing out of the box and require the user to set up everything themselfes. If you've done that, you have an OS that's truly yours!
  • Skilled community and great wiki. Especially the Arch-wiki is the number-one-ressource for any Linux thing, and by the point you installed Arch or NixOS the hard way, you got a good understanding in the inner workings of Linux.
  • Rolling release: as soon as packages are released, you get them, no big release versions
  • Biggest package repositories ever, with many inofficial ones too, created by the user base
  • Great package manager

Alternatives

If those pro-points of Arch and NixOS are appealing to you, but sound too hard to get for your taste, here are some alternatives you may consider instead. They aren't my top pick, but still very popular in the community.

  • Debian: One of the oldest distros ever out there. It's what a lot of other distros, including Mint, Ubuntu, Zorin, and more, are based on. It's stable (the normal version at least), very flexible (supports many CPU architectures) and minimalist (if you want).
  • OpenSuse Tumbleweed/ Slowroll: Rolling release like Arch, but with a bigger safety net behind
  • EndeavourOS: Very sane Arch-distro that's already set up for you

Other honorable mentions

Pop!_OS

Also gets recommended often. A popular distro for everyone who likes the coherence of Gnome, but doesn't like the opinionated workflow and more features like tiling. Good Ubuntu alternative, especially for gaming.

  • Made by a hardware manufacturer.
  • Based on Ubuntu/ Debian.
  • Currently a bit outdated. The devs are focusing on their self-developed new DE that's coming soon. I would go for Fedora (general use) or Bazzite (gaming) and add the tweaks myself via extensions when needed.
    Still a viable option.

MX Linux

  • Great for older devices with non-optimal performance.

TuxedoOS

  • Best Debian/ Ubuntu-based distro with KDE.
  • Also made by a hardware manufacturer.
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Linux is a family of open source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991 by Linus Torvalds. Linux is typically packaged in a Linux distribution (or distro for short).

Distributions include the Linux kernel and supporting system software and libraries, many of which are provided by the GNU Project. Many Linux distributions use the word "Linux" in their name, but the Free Software Foundation uses the name GNU/Linux to emphasize the importance of GNU software, causing some controversy.

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